AdamT-Bethr is right about the iron tests, sorry my mistake, that is all you will need. I don't know whether I have CCSVI, and if I do, it would not matter anyway because Zamboni says we have too many veins clogged up with iron, too close to the brain. I have no interest in this operation, even if they could do it, because I don't believe it is addressing the root cause. I personally believe that what they are seeing is the result of iron loading. I have detailed much of this on the other thread, and nothing I have seen over the last few months has changed my mind. The more people that test their iron, and the more people that find it out of whack, the more the truth will out. We can identify very easily to people who are iron loading with a simple lab test. The treatment is then "bloodletting", yes that medieval concept. The modern term is phlebotomy. It is the most effective way to reduce iron, and actually I gather the safest. Each 500 mL removed, removes about 225 mg of iron. The normal person will have a store of about 3 g of iron, total, people with hemochromatosis can store anywhere between 0-50! 50 g of iron! This poisons all of the organs, and usually by the time people get diagnosed with a full-blown hemochromatosis, they will have diabetes or cirrhosis or heart failure... I feel lucky that I have identified iron loading and myself and I have had a most amazing reaction to two phlebotomies. My spasticity decreased 20-30% from the first phlebotomy, and that was just such an amazing relief. I was literally getting to the point where I thought I could not live with the spasms and pain. That improvement has stayed, and the second phlebotomy seem to help my arm range of motion but most of all the bladder. My guess is they could do about another 20 without becoming anemic. Since this is never been done before, I cannot even speculate what other improvements might be in the offing. I have had no bad reactions, only good and I am looking forward to being the first person in the history of the world to reverse primary progressive MS through phlebotomy. I no longer believe that we have any clear understanding of this disease whatsoever. So to think that CCSVI might be the only answer is ridiculous. The body will pull iron from storage return to homeostasis or health once the offending substance is removed. Steve from the Iron Overload Diseases organization said that I probably have at least 6 g of iron stored that I must get rid of. I have only removed half a gram and I've had that much positive response! I have no idea if I can totally regain mobility, Steve says it's likely. He says he's seen amazing recoveries from neurological conditions like epilepsy, which you would not associate with complete recovery, but he has seen it, the body has amazing recuperative abilities once you identify the underlying problem.