Complications upon investigation and review included internal jugular vein stent thrombosis, cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, stent migration, cranial nerve injury and injury associated with venous catheterization.
Endovascular treatment of CCSVI in MS patients is a safe procedure when performed on an outpatient basis. Cardiac monitoring is essential to permit detection and rapid treatment of patients with procedure-induced arrhythmias. Post-procedure ultrasound is recommended to detect venous thrombosis. In addition, consideration should be given to performing complex re-interventions in a hospital given the complication risk in this sub-population of patients.
J Endovasc Ther. 2011 Jun;18(3):314-23.
Safety profile of endovascular treatment for chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency in patients with multiple sclerosis.
Petrov I, Grozdinski L, Kaninski G, Iliev N, Iloska M, Radev A.
SourceCardiology Department, Tokuda Hospital Sofia, Bulgaria. email@example.com
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety of endovascular treatment of chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency (CCSVI) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
METHODS: In a 1-year period, 461 MS patients (261 women; mean age 45.4 years, range 21-79) with CCSVI underwent endovascular treatment of 1012 venous lesions during 495 procedures [34 (6.9%) reinterventions]. While balloon angioplasty was preferred, 98 stents were implanted in 76 patients for lesion recoil, restenosis, or suboptimal dilation. The procedures were analyzed for incidences of major adverse events (death, major bleeding, or clinical deterioration of MS), access site complications, procedure-related complications, and procedural safety-related variables (fluoroscopy and contrast times). The complication rates were compared to published data for similar endovascular methods.
RESULTS: There were no deaths, major bleeding events, or clinical deterioration of MS. Access site complications included limited groin hematoma (5, 1.0%); there were no arteriovenous fistulas or puncture site infections. Systemic complications included only rare cardiac arrhythmias (6, 1.2%). Procedure-related complications included vein rupture (2, 0.4%), vein dissection (15, 3.0%), acute in-stent/in-segment thrombosis (8, 1.6%), and acute recoil (1, 0.2%); there was no stent migration or fracture or distal embolization. Mean fluoroscopy time was 22.7 minutes, and mean contrast volume was 136.3 mL.
CONCLUSION: Endovascular therapy appears to be a safe and reliable method for treating CCSVI. Innovations such as purpose-specific materials and devices are needed, as are case-controlled and randomized data to establish efficacy in ameliorating MS symptoms.
Halsted, Brunschwig, and Pack persisted with their mammoth operations because they genuinely believed that they could relieve the dreaded symptoms of cancer. But they lacked formal proof, and as they went further up the isolated promontories of their own beliefs, proof became irrelevant and trials impossible to run. The more fervently surgeons believed in the inherent good of their operations, the more untenable it became to put these to a formal scientific trial. Radical surgery thus drew the blinds of circular logic around itself for nearly a century.
Cece wrote:My mother had breast cancer. She was treated with a double masectomy, which involved cutting away pieces of the chest.
scorpion wrote:Cece wrote:My mother had breast cancer. She was treated with a double masectomy, which involved cutting away pieces of the chest.
Not my point. Due to their unwavering belief in what they were doing, even though in most cases such radical surgery was not necessary, their surgery became more about "faith" then science. At some point, scientific trials, logic, and any chance of finding the truth were thrown out the window because it seems ego(being right) came to mean more then finding out if what they were doing truly benefited the people they performed surgery on. Remember the Hippocratic oath?
At some point, scientific trials, logic, and any chance of finding the truth were thrown out the window because it seems ego(being right) came to mean more then finding out if what they were doing truly benefited the people they performed surgery on.
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