Ann Neurol. 1994 Jan;35(1):89-97.
Expression of immunologically relevant endothelial cell activation antigens on isolated central nervous system microvessels from patients with multiple sclerosis.
Washington R, Burton J, Todd RF 3rd, Newman W, Dragovic L, Dore-Duffy P.
Wayne State University Multiple Sclerosis Clinical Research Center, Department of Neurology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201.
Activation of the vascular endothelium is thought to be an important facet of inflammation, thrombosis, and vasculitis. Activated endothelial cells express a number of immunologically relevant surface markers not expressed by normal endothelial cells. Many of these surface antigens are thought to augment adhesion reactions and migration. Our results show that endothelial activation may play a central role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Normal human central nervous system microvessels isolated from autopsy material do not express endothelial cell activation markers, including the adhesion proteins vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and endothelial cell leukocyte adhesion molecule-1 (E-selectin/ELAM-1). They exhibit little to no constitutive expression of immunoreactive intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) or the urokinase plasminogen activator receptor. Control microvessels exhibit no major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II antigen. MS microvessels express significant levels of MHC class II antigens, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor. E-selectin was expressed by 3 of 5 MS brains tested. Histologically unaffected areas of MS brain expressed less VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and E-selectin than did microvessels from periplaque zones. However, MHC class II antigens and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor were increased in areas exhibiting little to no evidence of leukocyte infiltration. When microvessels were examined for dual expression of activation markers, we found that in periplaque areas, 50% of microvessels coexpressed HLA-DR and VCAM-1, 28% of microvessels coexpressed HLA-DR and urokinase plasminogen activator receptor, and 43% of microvessels coexpressed HLA-DR and ICAM-1.
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]