Review of Venous Anatomy for Venographic Interpretation in Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency.
Werner JD, Siskin GP, Mandato K, Englander M, Herr A.
Department of Radiology, MC-113, Albany Medical Center, 47 New Scotland Ave., Albany, NY 12208.
Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) represents a recently described condition that may potentially contribute to the symptoms experienced by patients with multiple sclerosis. The evaluation of a prospective patient for CCSVI often involves an invasive evaluation with venography of the internal jugular and azygos veins. The purpose of this article is to review the normal anatomy of the internal jugular, vertebral, and azygos veins, as an understanding of these veins is necessary for appropriate interpretation of the venograms obtained to evaluate patients for CCSVI.
There are so many CCSVI papers lately, we barely can discuss them all.
I've outlined how Dr. Siskin defined CCSVI. Do we agree with that definition? Is CCSVI a "condition that may potentially contribute to the symptoms experienced by patients with MS"?
Has anyone had a chance to read the full paper?