The outcome of the procedure was also analyzed using: PRO-patient related outcomes, SF-36 questionnaire,EQ-5D (EuroQol) and Functional Assessment of Multiple Sclerosis (FAMS) quality of life. In order to determine the effects of the procedure blood sample from jugular vein was analyzed 24h before the procedure and 24h, 72h and 7 days after the procedure (pH and bicarbonate, BE, pCO2 and pO2, K+, Na+, CRP).
However, initial benefit of the procedure was seen in almost 70% of treated patients. This benefit was impossible to quantify due to the fact that neurological tools measures quality of changes in different systems but not the quantity. During the one year follow-up period over 40% of treated patients developed almost all symptoms that were present before the procedure. It is interesting that initial benefit was associated with the improvement in the biochemical parameters from the blood sample analysis. This brain decongestions after “Liberation” procedure is probably the reason for relatively fast improvement in clinical signs that we see in some group of treated patients
I think "brain congestion syndrome" is a new term. It is good to distinguish between MS and CCSVI.
They saw no EDSS improvements. They saw improvements in 70% of treated patients but found those improvements difficult to quantify. Over the following year, 40% lost those improvements, which would mean 60% retained their unquantified improvements. (I think of my own brighter colors and reduced cogfog, and how do you quantify that easily?)
But what is new about this study is that they took a blood sample from the jugulars before the procedure, another sample a day after the procedure, and at three days, and at one week. The initial improvement was associated with improvement in the biochemical parameters in those blood samples. These changes in the blood sample are probably due to a relief of brain congestion.
As Dr. Sclafani has said, he is not treating MS, he is treating CCSVI. Treating CCSVI relieves brain congestion, and this can be measured through blood samples from the jugulars. I did not know that.