meta-analysis shows correlation between CCSVI and MS

A forum to discuss Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency and its relationship to Multiple Sclerosis.

meta-analysis shows correlation between CCSVI and MS

Postby Cece » Tue Sep 10, 2013 8:24 am

http://ves.sagepub.com/content/early/20 ... 2.abstract

Published online before print September 4, 2013, doi: 10.1177/1538574413503562
VASC ENDOVASCULAR SURG September 4, 2013 1538574413503562

Meta-Analysis of the Correlation Between Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency and Multiple Sclerosis

Brittany A. Zwischenberger, MD
Mary M. Beasley, BS
Daniel L. Davenport, PhD
Eleftherios S. Xenos, MD, PhD

Abstract

Purpose: To determine whether a correlation exists between chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) and multiple sclerosis (MS). Materials and Methods: A meta-analysis of the current literature was performed to evaluate the frequency of CCSVI, diagnosed by echo color Doppler criteria, in patients with MS and in normal controls. Results: In all, 19 studies were identified from January 2005 through February 2013; however, 3 studies were excluded due to duplicate data and 3 additional studies because 0 patients fulfilled CCSVI criteria in both MS and control groups. In order to improve homogeneity, 4 outlier studies were also removed from the analysis. Analysis of the remaining 9 studies demonstrated a significant correlation between CCSVI and MS (odds ratio 1.885, P < .0001) with no significant heterogeneity of the studies (I2 = 18, P = .279). Conclusions: The meta-analysis demonstrated a correlation between CCSVI and MS. However, there was no evidence that CCSVI has a causative role in MS.
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Re: meta-analysis shows correlation between CCSVI and MS

Postby 1eye » Tue Sep 10, 2013 2:41 pm

Not prepared to pay $32 to read the study, but would be very interested in more detail regarding the exclusions. Outliers can be correct, too.
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Re: meta-analysis shows correlation between CCSVI and MS

Postby Cece » Thu Sep 19, 2013 4:06 am

Dr. Paolo Zamboni on the meta-analyses
Meta-analyses vs opinions

Paolo Zamboni

I get the impression that the dispute about CCSVI is a common place without the possibility of bringing out the ongoing contributions that emerge from the literature. This appears especially when some studies which denies the contribution of CCSVI to neurodegeneration, show an unexpected and unusual media coverage. This of course generates confusion among patients. But also among colleagues who do not have cerebral venous return as primary interest.


In short, there are 3 meta-analyses available from:

1. Laupacis A, Lillie E, Dueck A, et al. Association between chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis: a meta-analysis. CMAJ 2011;183:E1203-12.[Pubmed]
2. Tsivgoulis G, Sergentanis TN, Chan A, et al. Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis: a comprehensive meta-analysis of case-control studies. Ther Adv Neur Dis 2013.[Full-text]
3. Zwischenberger BA, Beasley MM, Davenport DL, Xenos ES. Meta-analysis of the correlation between chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis. Vasc Endovasc Surg 2013.[Pubmed]

All the 3 above-mentioned meta-analyses confirm a significant prevalence of CCSVI in MS. Only six out of 19 comparable studies deny the association between CCSVI and multiple sclerosis. But while the first two meta-analysis showed heterogeneity among the studies, the third demonstrated clearly a significant double risk in having MS when CCSVI is detected, without any heterogeneity. The mass media should require a good communication of Science when scientific press releases are solicited. In controversy regarding prevalence and risk factors, to consult meta-analysis is a good tool to balance the communication.

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