Mrhodes40 wrote:Zamboni et al 2007 Intracranial venous haemodynamics in MS
This paper is the first doppler studies of 89 MS patients and 60 controls.
All MSers had at least 2 venous abnormalities; 100% concordance. This first study was not blinded, it was to discover how MS patients might be consistently assessed with doppler to evaluate venous drainage. This work resulted in a doppler protocol as described in "Doppler haemodynamics of cerebral venous return", below.
Menegatti, Zamboni, '08 Doppler haemodynamics of cerebral venous return
This paper describes how to do the tests and suggests parameters for normal findings. Copy this page for the sonographer if needed.
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