2018 communication: Self-assessment reliability in MS

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2018 communication: Self-assessment reliability in MS

Postby jimmylegs » Tue Oct 09, 2018 12:24 pm

Self-assessment reliability in multiple sclerosis: the role of socio-demographic, clinical, and quality of life aspects
https://link.springer.com/article/10.10 ... 018-3589-6

Abstract
Introduction

Several multiple sclerosis studies matching self- and physician assessment of disease course and disability show moderate and high agreement respectively. However, the role played by socio-demographic, clinical, and quality of life (QoL) factors was not much investigated. The study aims at exploring how self-/physician agreement could depend on these variables.

Materials and methods
Participants were asked to report own disease course and disability according to preset categories. Kappa-value and confidence interval (CI) for disease course and two-way random interclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and CI for disability were calculated to evaluate self-/physician agreement. Χ2 was applied to examine whether other factors (gender, age, education, civil status, disease duration, fatigue, quality of life) had systematic effects.

Results
Data analysis on 203 participants indicated fair agreement (Kappa-value = 0.30; 95% CI 0.23–0.38) and no dependency on the categories of each variable for disease course. Satisfactory correlation was found for disability (ICC = 0.74; 95% IC 0.67–0.80), good agreement was found for almost all variable categories, and significant differences were observed for education (better agreement for higher levels), disease duration, fatigue and QoL (better agreement for worse conditions).

Discussion
Results seem to suggest that higher education and worse clinical and QoL conditions could engage the patient in developing more disease awareness and realistic self-perception and self-evaluation.
take control of your own health
pursue optimal self care at least as actively as a diagnosis
ask for referrals to preventive health care specialists eg dietitians
don't let suboptimal self care muddy any underlying diagnostic picture!
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