PPMS specific pathology thread

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PPMS specific pathology thread

Postby frodo » Fri Aug 11, 2017 12:49 am

For some things PPMS is different to normal MS. This is just the last one reported.

The relationship between cortical lesions and periventricular NAWM abnormalities suggests a shared mechanism of injury in primary-progressive MS.

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28794971

Abstract

In subjects with multiple sclerosis (MS), pathology is more frequent near the inner and outer surfaces of the brain. Here, we sought to explore if in subjects with primary progressive MS (PPMS) cortical lesion load is selectively associated with the severity of periventricular normal appearing white matter (NAWM) damage, as assessed with diffusion weighted imaging. To this aim, twenty-four subjects with PPMS and twenty healthy controls were included in the study.

Using diffusion data, skeletonized mean diffusivity (MD) NAWM maps were computed excluding WM lesions and a 2 mm-thick peri-lesional rim. The supra-tentorial voxels between 2 and 6 mm of distance from the lateral ventricles were included in the periventricular NAWM mask while the voxels between 6 and 10 mm from the lateral ventricles were included in the deep NAWM mask; mean MD values were then computed separately for these two masks. Lastly, cortical lesions were assessed on phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) images and cortical thickness was quantified on volumetric T1 images.

Our main result was the observation in the PPMS group of a significant correlation between periventricular NAWM MD values and cortical lesion load, with a greater cortical lesion burden being associated with more abnormal periventricular NAWM MD. Conversely, there was no correlation between cortical lesion load and deep NAWM MD values or periventricular WM lesions. Our data thus suggest that a common - and relatively selective - factor plays a role in the development of both cortical lesion and periventricular NAWM abnormalities in PPMS.
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Re: PPMS specific pathology thread

Postby frodo » Fri Aug 11, 2017 1:01 am

In this other report, they say that lactate concentrations in CSF are common in PPMS and this can be due to mitochondrial disfunction.

CSF profile in primary progressive multiple sclerosis: Re-exploring the basics.

Source: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28797088

Abstract
OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to report the basic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) profile in patients with primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS).
METHODS:

The results of CSF analysis from 254 patients with PPMS were collected at four university hospitals in Germany. Routine CSF parameters and different indices of intrathecal immunoglobulin synthesis were evaluated. We assessed possible correlations between the various CSF parameters and the expanded disability status scale (EDSS) both at the time of lumbar puncture and during the course of the disease.
RESULTS:

The median cell count and albumin concentration in the CSF did not deviate from normal values. The CSF-serum albumin-quotient (QALB) was elevated in 29.6% of the patients, while intrathecal immunoglobulin G (IgG) oligoclonal bands (OCBs) were detected in 91.1% of the patients. CSF-lactate levels as well as local IgM- and IgA-synthesis were correlated with the yearly disease progression rate, as assessed by EDSS.

CONCLUSION:

We present the results of the hitherto largest and most detailed CSF biomarker profile in a cohort of 254 patients with PPMS. As reported previously, OCBs are the most sensitive marker for intrathecal IgG synthesis. CSF-lactate concentrations are positively correlated with the progression rate, which might suggest that mitochondrial dysfunction plays a relevant role in PPMS. The negative correlation between intrathecally produced IgM and IgA and disease progression may indicate their hitherto unexplored protective role.
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Re: PPMS specific pathology thread

Postby frodo » Tue Aug 15, 2017 11:23 pm

This is a long text about PPMS pathogenesis. It could be interesting.

Pathology and Pathogenesis of Progressive Multiple Sclerosis: Concepts and Controversies

https://www.thieme-connect.com/products ... 043-106704
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