jimmylegs wrote:if you're taking fish oil i don't really think you'd need to also take evening primrose. you could cut some of your outlay on supplements that way maybe.
Clin Diagn Lab Immunol. 2002 Mar;9(2):470-6.
Grape seed extract activates Th1 cells in vitro.
Nair N, Mahajan S, Chawda R, Kandaswami C, Shanahan TC, Schwartz SA.
SourceDivision of Allergy, Immunology, and Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo and Kaleida Health, 14203, USA.
Although flavonoids manifest a diverse range of biological activities, including antitumor and antiviral effects, the molecular mechanisms underlying these activities await elucidation. We hypothesize that the flavonoid constituents of a proprietary grape seed extract (GSE) that contains procyandins exert significant antiviral and antitumor effects, by inducing production of the Th1-derived cytokine gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells) from healthy donors. Our results show that GSE significantly induced the transcription of IFN-gamma mRNA as demonstrated by reverse transcription-PCR but had no effect on the Th2-derived cytokine interleukin-6. The enhancing effect of GSE on IFN-gamma expression was further supported by a concomitant increase in the number of cells with intracytoplasmic IFN-gamma as well as the synthesis and secretion of IFN-gamma. Our results demonstrate that the potentially beneficial immunostimulatory effects of GSE may be mediated through the induction of IFN-gamma.
PMID: 11874895 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE
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