Higher fish consumption

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Petr75
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Posts: 533
Joined: Sat Oct 19, 2013 10:17 am
Location: Czech Republic

Higher fish consumption

Post by Petr75 » Sun Oct 20, 2019 10:24 am

2019 Aug 8
School of Public Health, Curtin University, Bentley, Australia
Higher fish consumption and lower risk of central nervous system demyelination
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31395972

Abstract
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:
The evidence for diet as a risk factor for multiple sclerosis (MS) is inconclusive. We examined the associations between fish consumption and risk of a first clinical diagnosis of central nervous system demyelination (FCD), a common precursor to MS.
METHODS:
The 2003-2006 Ausimmune Study was a case-control study examining environmental risk factors for FCD, with participants recruited from four regions of Australia and matched on age, sex, and study region. Dietary intake data were collected using a food frequency questionnaire. We used conditional logistic regression models to test associations between fish consumption (total, tinned, grilled, and fried) and risk of FCD (249 cases and 438 controls), adjusting for history of infectious mononucleosis, smoking, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations, socio-economic status, omega-3 supplement use, dietary under-reporting, and total energy intake.
RESULTS:
Higher total fish consumption (per 30 g/day, equivalent to two serves/week) was associated with an 18% reduced risk of FCD (AOR 0.82; 95% CI 0.70, 0.97). While we found no statistically significant associations between grilled and fried fish consumption and risk of FCD, higher tinned fish consumption (per 30 g/day) was associated with a 41% reduced risk of FCD (AOR 0.59; 95% CI 0.39, 0.89).
CONCLUSIONS:
Tinned fish is predominantly oily, whereas grilled and fried fish are likely to be a combination of oily and white types. Oily fish is high in vitamin D and very long chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids, both of which may be beneficial in relation to MS.

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Petr75
Family Elder
Posts: 533
Joined: Sat Oct 19, 2013 10:17 am
Location: Czech Republic

Re: Higher fish consumption

Post by Petr75 » Mon Oct 28, 2019 10:37 am

2019 Aug 28
Clinical Nutrition Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University , Dammam , Saudi Arabia
Effect of omega-3 fatty acids and fish oil supplementation on multiple sclerosis: a systematic review.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31462182

Abstract
Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system, resulting in the degradation of the myelin sheath. Diet especially fish oils and omega-3 has been found to play an important role in MS. This work aimed to review the literature systematically for evidence on the effect of omega-3 fatty acids (EPA, DPA and DHA) on MS progression in adults. Methods: The literature search was conducted in PubMed, Oxford, Cochrane, Embase, International pharmaceutical abstract, PsychINFO, and clinical trials government. The inclusions were studies performed on humans both male and female, aged 18 years at minimum, diagnosed with MS according to McDonald 2010 criteria. Otherwise, all studies were excluded. Results: A total of 5554 studies were screened and seven were thoroughly focused on as they typically met the inclusion criteria. These studies showed the beneficial roles of fish oil supplementation and omega-3 fatty acids in improving the quality of life of MS patients. These roles were attributed to their beneficial effects on inflammatory markers, glutathione reductase, reducing the relapsing rate, and achieving balanced omega-6 to omega-3 ratios. Conclusion: Omega-3 and fish oils supplementations have beneficial effects on reducing the relapsing rate, inflammatory markers, and improving the quality of life for MS patients.

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