Oral health

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Oral health

Post by Petr75 » Fri Dec 13, 2019 10:33 am

2019 Dec 9
School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia
A systematic review of oral health in people with multiple sclerosis.

Despite more than 25 years of research focused on this topic, it remains unclear whether people with multiple sclerosis are more likely to present with oral health problems. The aim of this study was to provide the first systematic review of this literature.
A literature search for studies focused on oral health and multiple sclerosis was conducted using PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, MEDLINE and CINAHL) were searched up until February 2019. Two independent coders extracted data, and study quality graded using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS).
From 1281 articles identified, 17 met all the eligibility criteria. Of the seventeen studies, more than half included a nonclinical control group, and the majority were observational studies. The included studies were of poor to moderate quality. Taken together, the results provided only very limited evidence that people with multiple sclerosis are more likely to present with dental caries and gingival disease. There was suggestive evidence that people with multiple sclerosis may be at higher risk of periodontal disease and present with poorer oral hygiene, and moderate evidence for an association between multiple sclerosis and temporomandibular disorders.
This systematic review provides evidence of an association between multiple sclerosis and at least some oral health problems. When temporomandibular disorders and periodontal status specifically have been assessed, most studies provide evidence of an association with multiple sclerosis. However, this review also clearly highlights the need for further, high-quality studies in this area.

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