Myeloid cells

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Myeloid cells

Post by Petr75 » Sun Apr 19, 2020 3:04 am

2020 Jun 1
Department of Neurology, Focus Program Translational Neuroscience and Immunotherapy, Rhine Main Neuroscience Network, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany
CNS-localized myeloid cells capture living invading T cells during neuroinflammation.


To study the role of myeloid cells in the central nervous system (CNS) in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), we used intravital microscopy, assessing local cellular interactions in vivo in EAE animals and ex vivo in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures. We discovered that myeloid cells actively engulf invading living Th17 lymphocytes, a process mediated by expression of activation-dependent lectin and its T cell-binding partner, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (GlcNAc). Stable engulfment resulted in the death of the engulfed cells, and, remarkably, enhancement of GlcNAc exposure on T cells in the CNS ameliorated clinical EAE symptoms. These findings demonstrate the ability of myeloid cells to directly react to pathogenic T cell infiltration by engulfing living T cells. Amelioration of EAE via GlcNAc treatment suggests a novel first-defense pathway of myeloid cells as an initial response to CNS invasion and demonstrates that T cell engulfment by myeloid cells can be therapeutically exploited in vivo.

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