Cognitive dysfunction

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Cognitive dysfunction

Post by Petr75 »

2020 Aug 28
Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston
Anterior Insular Resting-State Functional Connectivity is Related to Cognitive Reserve in Multiple Sclerosis


Background and purpose: Cognitive dysfunction is common in multiple sclerosis (MS). The dorsal anterior insula (dAI) is a key hub of the salience network (SN) orchestrating access to critical cognitive brain regions. The aim of this study was to assess whole-brain dAI intrinsic functional connectivity (iFC) using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) in people with MS and healthy controls (HC) and test the relationship between cognitive reserve (CR) and dAI iFC in people with MS.

Methods: We studied 28 people with relapsing-remitting MS and 28 HC. CR index was quantified by combining premorbid IQ, leisure activities, and education level. For whole-brain iFC analyses, the bilateral dAI were used as seeds. Individual subject correlation maps were entered into general linear models for group comparison and to analyze the effect of CR index on dAI iFC, controlling for multiple comparisons. The correlation between CR index and iFC was assessed using a linear regression model.

Results: rs-fMRI analyses revealed a negative relationship between CR index and iFC within the left dAI and a left occipital cluster in people with MS including regions of the cuneus, superior occipital gyrus, and parieto-occipital sulcus. The regression analysis showed that people with MS and a higher CR index had a statistically significantly reduced iFC within the left dAI and the cluster.

Conclusions: CR is relevant to functional connectivity within one of the main nodes of the SN, the dAI, and occipital regions in MS. These results have implications for how CR may modulate the susceptibility to cognitive dysfunction in MS.
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