Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Neural implant for the treatment of multiple sclerosis
The methods used to treat various neurological diseases are evolving. The facilities provided by the technology have led to creation of new treatment opportunities. Neuromodulation is one of these important methods. By definition, the neuromodulation is a change in neural activity which occurs by stimulating a specific area of nervous system. The mentioned stimulation can be electrical, magnetic, or chemical. This method is used in various diseases, such as stroke, Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Multiple sclerosis (MS) is no exception in this regard and methods including the neurofeedback and transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) are used to treat various complications of the MS. One aspect of neuromodulation is the use of neural implant, which is applied nowadays, especially in the Parkinson's disease, and the use of microchips and prostheses to treat various symptoms in different neurological diseases has received significant attention. Although neural implant has been exploited to improve the symptoms of MS, they appear to have much greater potential to improve the condition of patients with MS. It seems that more attention to the symptoms of MS, on the one hand, and a new approach to the pathogenesis of this disease and considering it as a connectomopathy, on the other hand, can provide new opportunities for application of this method in the treatment of MS.