Modulating the gut-lung and gut-brain axes

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Petr75
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Modulating the gut-lung and gut-brain axes

Post by Petr75 » Sat Nov 07, 2020 11:51 pm

2020 Oct 22
Cellular and Molecular Medicine Department, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada
Probiotics in Treatment of Viral Respiratory Infections and Neuroinflammatory Disorders
https://www.mdpi.com/1420-3049/25/21/4891/htm

Abstract

Inflammation is a biological response to the activation of the immune system by various infectious or non-infectious agents, which may lead to tissue damage and various diseases. Gut commensal bacteria maintain a symbiotic relationship with the host and display a critical function in the homeostasis of the host immune system. Disturbance to the gut microbiota leads to immune dysfunction both locally and at distant sites, which causes inflammatory conditions not only in the intestine but also in the other organs such as lungs and brain, and may induce a disease state. Probiotics are well known to reinforce immunity and counteract inflammation by restoring symbiosis within the gut microbiota. As a result, probiotics protect against various diseases, including respiratory infections and neuroinflammatory disorders. A growing body of research supports the beneficial role of probiotics in lung and mental health through modulating the gut-lung and gut-brain axes. In the current paper, we discuss the potential role of probiotics in the treatment of viral respiratory infections, including the COVID-19 disease, as major public health crisis in 2020, and influenza virus infection, as well as treatment of neurological disorders like multiple sclerosis and other mental illnesses.

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