2019: lifestyle and depression in MS
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs ... /ane.13132
"...Depression and anxiety was prevalent in 27% and 40%, respectively; 20% had both. Mean SNAP score was 2.7/5; only 3% met all healthy lifestyle recommendations. Only 10% reported adequate fruit/vegetable intake, and 22% reported a combination of unhealthy BMI, inadequate physical activity and inadequate nutrition. A healthier SNAP score was associated with lower depression prevalence (adjusted prevalence ratio 0.83 (95%CI 0.75, 0.92) per unit increase) and depression severity (adjusted β ‐0.44 (95%CI ‐0.64, ‐0.24)), but not with anxiety.
...The associations between a healthier SNAP score and lower depression are likely bi‐directional. SNAP risk factor prevalence and co‐occurrence, especially inadequate nutrition and low physical activity, was high among Australians with MS."