Response to Copaxone can be predicted
In this study, we investigated the role of JNK and phospho-Bcl-2 as possible biomarkers of multiple sclerosis (MS) relapse and of glatiramer acetate (GA) therapeutic response in relapsing-remitting MS patients.
We enrolled a cohort of 15 GA-treated patients and measured the expression of JNK1, JNK2, phospho-JNK and phospho-Bcl-2 through Western blotting of lysates from peripheral blood mononuclear cells collected at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months after initiating GA therapy. We found significantly higher levels of JNK1 p54 and JNK2 p54 and significantly lower levels of p-Bcl-2 in relapse patients and in GA non-responders. By using receiver operating characteristic analysis, we found that the probability of accurately detecting relapse and response to GA was: 92% and 75.5%, respectively, for JNK1 p54 and 86% and 94.6%, respectively, for p-Bcl-2.
Our data suggest that JNK1 and p-Bcl-2 could serve as potential biomarkers for MS relapse and the therapeutic response to GA.