https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 671830338X
• Familial Multiple Sclerosis (fMS) may have distinct clinical and imaging phenotype.
• fMS patients have younger age at disease onset compared with sporadic cases (sMS).
• fMS and sMS cases have distinct lesion topography in brain and possibly spinal cord.
Few studies are available worldwide concerning clinical, imaging and genetic/immunogenetic profile of familial multiple sclerosis (fMS). Recent but not systematic data concerning fMS, without direct comparison to sporadic MS (sMS) drove our aim towards further research in the field, given the total lack of information for the Greek population as well. Thus, in this case-control study we examined the clinical and imaging characteristics of 102 fMS-patients, compared to 282 patients suffering sMS.
Patients and Methods
Patients recruited underwent medical interview (demographic, clinical and family history data collected). They were also assessed for disability and their MRI-scans were analyzed for lesion distribution. Statistical analyses were performed using SPSS v.21.0 software.
49% of unrelated fMS cases had at least one 1st degree relative affected, while the rest had also at least one relative with MS, 3rd degree or closer. Only the former subgroup (1st degree relative) and not the entire fMS sample, had significantly younger age at onset (AAO) compared to sMS cases (mean AAO 28.08 vs 31.33 years, p = 0.036). AAO anticipation was noted in younger generation fMS patients (mean AAO 24.67 years in younger generation vs 37 years in older generation, p = 0.001). With regard to our MRI findings, subcortical lesions were less frequent in fMS (71% in fMS vs 81.9% in sMS patients, p = 0.028), whereas cervical cord lesions more frequent (93% in fMS vs 79.9% in sMS patients, p = 0.033, only in the 1st degree relative subgroup). Double vision was a less common first symptom in fMS (4.1% in fMS vs 14.8% in sMS patients, p = 0.005). 1st degree relatives of fMS patients were more often diagnosed with Hashimoto’s (8.9% in fMS relatives vs 3.3% in sMS relatives, p = 0.033).
Younger AAO and different lesion distribution in brain and possibly spinal cord was observed in fMS in comparison to sMS patients. The hypothesis of increased genetic burden in fMS could offer some explanation for these differences, which needs though further validation as a next step, through genetic/immunogenetic testing in larger cohorts, of different ethnic groups.
"A mutation in a nuclear receptor (NR1H3) gene was detected in a familial, progressive form of multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Further analyses showed a significant association between a common NR1H3 variant in PPMS patients and loss of function for the encoded protein".
https://www.cell.com/neuron/fulltext/S0 ... all%3Dtrue
https://www.ms-uk.org/study-reveals-mor ... ted-180417
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