IGM+ MS could be different from normal MS

A forum to discuss research on the origins of MS and its development.
Post Reply
User avatar
frodo
Family Elder
Posts: 1531
Joined: Wed Dec 02, 2009 3:00 pm
Contact:

IGM+ MS could be different from normal MS

Post by frodo » Thu Oct 31, 2019 11:35 am

The oligoclonal bands in MS are IgG bands. There is a subset of patients with another immunoglobulin, IGM, that have a worse prognosis.

This paper says that IgM is a risk factor, but in fact there is people that never gets igM. It could be that IgM is a different kind of MS with a more severe prognosis.

Intrathecal IgM production is a strong risk factor for early conversion to multiple sclerosis

https://n.neurology.org/content/93/15/e1439.abstract

Abstract

Objectives

To evaluate intrathecal immunoglobulin M (IgM) production, as compared to previously established risk factors, as risk factor for conversion from clinically isolated syndrome (CIS) to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to explore the association of intrathecal IgM production with onset age and radiologic and CSF findings in CIS/early MS.

Methods

Comprehensive CSF data, including oligoclonal immunoglobulin G (IgG) bands (OCB) and calculated intrathecal IgM and IgG production, were collected in a prospective study of 150 patients with CIS/early MS with regular clinical and MRI assessments.

Results

Intrathecal IgM production >0% occurred in 23.2% (33/142) of patients, who were on average 5 years younger at disease onset (p = 0.013) and more frequently had infratentorial lesions (18/32, 56.3%) than patients without intrathecal IgM production (33/104, 31.7%, p = 0.021). In multivariable Cox regression analyses, intrathecal IgM production in patients with a CIS (n = 93, median clinical and MRI follow-up 24 and 21 months) was strongly associated with conversion to MS according to the McDonald 2010 criteria (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] 3.05 [1.45–6.44], p = 0.003) after adjustment for age (0.96 [0.93–1.00], p = 0.059), OCB (0.92 [0.33–2.61], p = 0.879), intrathecal IgG production (0.98 [0.48–1.99], p = 0.947), and radiologic evidence of dissemination in space (2.63 [1.11–6.22], p = 0.028).

Conclusion

Intrathecal IgM production is a strong independent risk factor for early conversion to MS and may thus represent a clinically meaningful marker for predicting future disease activity in patients with a CIS.

User avatar
frodo
Family Elder
Posts: 1531
Joined: Wed Dec 02, 2009 3:00 pm
Contact:

IGM+ PPMS could also be different from normal PPMS

Post by frodo » Fri Jan 17, 2020 2:42 am

PPMS with IGM bands is very rare, (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/a ... 2809003014) but when it appears could be pathogenically different

Immunoglobulin M oligoclonal bands: Biomarker of targetable inflammation in primary progressive multiple sclerosis

Objective

To identify a biomarker distinguishing patients who, despite a primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) clinical course, may nonetheless benefit from immune therapy.

Methods

The presence or absence of both immunoglobulin (Ig) G and IgM oligoclonal bands (OCB) was blindly examined in paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum samples from a large PPMS patient cohort, and related to clinical and imaging evidence of focal inflammatory disease activity.

Results

Using both cross‐sectional samples and serial sampling in a subgroup of patients followed prospectively as part of the placebo‐controlled OLYMPUS study of rituximab in PPMS, we found that the presence of CSF‐restricted IgM OCB (but not of IgG OCB) is associated with an active inflammatory disease phenotype in PPMS patients. This finding was confirmed in an independent, multicenter validation cohort.

Interpretation

The presence of CSF IgM OCB may be a biomarker for a subset of PPMS patients with more active inflammatory disease, who may benefit from immune‐directed treatments.
Last edited by frodo on Fri May 22, 2020 4:25 am, edited 1 time in total.

User avatar
frodo
Family Elder
Posts: 1531
Joined: Wed Dec 02, 2009 3:00 pm
Contact:

Four bands of IGM is specific (100%) for MS

Post by frodo » Thu May 21, 2020 2:48 am

Four bands of IGM is absolutely specific (100%) for MS. No healthy subject shows that, but is not very sensitive. 60% of the MS patients do not show that either. Could this be a new variant?

https://europepmc.org/article/med/32416174

BACKGROUND:

Intrathecal IgM synthesis demonstrated either as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-restricted oligoclonal (o-) IgM bands or calculated using various formulas has been linked to more aggressive multiple sclerosis (MS) course. However, the proportion of MS patients showing intrathecal IgM synthesis varies largely between studies. We aimed to explore the relation between different formulas and results of o-IgM, and to assess the frequency of o-IgM bands in an unselected series of samples.

METHODS:

432 samples were analyzed for o-IgM, o-IgG and quantitative measures of IgM and IgG synthesis. IgM index and formulas of Reiber, Auer and Öhman were compared to the result of the o-IgM test.

RESULTS:

At the cut-off commonly used, the non-linear formulas for intrathecal synthesis were specific (>94%) but rather insensitive (<40% even at a cut-off of 4 CSF-restricted bands) compared to o-IgM. No significant difference was noted in the performance of different formulas. At a cut-off of 4 bands, 61 % of MS patients, but none of the controls were positive for o-IgM.

CONCLUSIONS:

Formulas for intrathecal IgM synthesis are insensitive compared to o-IgM. We propose to evaluate samples with 2 or 3 extra-CSF IgM bands as borderline and only samples with 4 or more as definitely positive.

Post Reply
  • Similar Topics
    Replies
    Views
    Last post

Return to “MS Etiology and Pathogenesis”