Hint for a new NMO variant confused into the MS spectrum

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frodo
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Hint for a new NMO variant confused into the MS spectrum

Post by frodo » Thu Jun 11, 2020 5:46 am

After classifying atypical cases in four groups, the classical MS, anti-AQP4 and anti-MOG groups appear, but a fourth group unclassifiable also appears.

An Attempt to Subclassify and Understand Further the MS/NMOSD “Overlap” Syndromes and Beyond

Results: Based on the imaging (MRI), clinical, serologic and immunologic (CSF) phenotypes there were 31 overlap cases who were subclassified in four patterns:

Pattern 1: Clinical and imaging phenotypes consistent with MS who were seropositive for AQP4-IgG & MOG-IgG on repeated testing (N:2).

Pattern 2: Clinical and/or imaging phenotypes suggestive of NMOSD, who were seronegative for AQP4-IgG & MOG-IgG on repeated testing and/or with CSF consistent with MS (N:8).

Pattern 3: Clinical and/or imaging phenotypes who shared features suggestive of both MS and NMOSD with either serology (N:17).

Pattern 4: Atypical/unclassifiable seronegative brainstem inflammatory disorders(N:4).

Conclusions: The results of our observational study are suggestive that a significant number of cases share clinical, imaging and serologic features of both MS and NMOSD/MOG-Ab-AD that may be subclassified as overlap cases. Another subgroup with atypical features that may be associated with yet unidentified auto-antibodies also emerged with each having its diagnostic and therapeutic consequences.

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