Failed trials that can yield some clues into pathogenesis

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Failed trials that can yield some clues into pathogenesis

Post by frodo » Mon Aug 17, 2020 12:33 am

This paper speaks about several failures in clinical trials. Among them Atacicept, Tabalumab, Abatacept, Vitamin D, Temelimab (surprinsingly), Raltegravir, Rituximab (in PPMS), Imilecleucel (TCelna, Tovaxin), Fingolimod (for PPMS), Natalizumab for PPMS and Cyclophosphamide for SPMS,

Failed, Interrupted, or Inconclusive Trials on Immunomodulatory Treatment Strategies in Multiple Sclerosis: Update 2015–2020 ... 0435-w.pdf


In the past decades, multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment has experienced vast changes resulting from major advances in disease-modifying therapies (DMT).

Looking at the overall number of studies, investigations with therapeutic advantages and encouraging results are exceeded by studies of promising compounds that failed due to either negative or inconclusive results or have been interrupted for other reasons. Importantly, these failed clinical trials are informative experiments that can help us to understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying MS. In several trials, concepts taken from experimental models were not translatable to humans, although they did not lack a well-considered pathophysiological rationale.

The lessons learned from these discrepancies may benefit future studies and reduce the risks for patients. This review summarizes trials on MS since 2015 that have either failed or have been interrupted for various reasons. We identify potential causes of failure or inconclusiveness, looking at the path from basic animal experiments to clinical trials, and discuss the implications for our current view on MS pathogenesis, clinical practice, and future study designs. We focus on anti-inflammatory treatment strategies, without including studies on already approved and effective DMT.

Clinical trials addressing neuroprotective and alternative treatment strategies are presented in a separate article.

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