Curr Nutr Rep. 2018 Sep;7(3):150-160.
- PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to examine current research related to the role of diet in multiple sclerosis (MS).
RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research in preclinical models, epidemiologic studies, and limited prospectively followed cohorts provide preliminary evidence that dietary factors influence MS incidence, disease course, and symptomatology. Current evidence for the effects of fatty acids, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and salt are reviewed. Dietary patterns including overall diet quality, caloric restriction, McDougall diet, Paleolithic diet, and Mediterranean diet are discussed. Hypotheses regarding potential mechanistic connections underlying observed effects are also presented. Several individual dietary components and patterns demonstrate potential for significant impact in MS. Definitive answers regarding the ability of diet to act as a disease modifier in MS will ultimately require large-scale clinical trials. Continued prospective studies and clinical trials to further advance this line of research are warranted.