Retinal blood vessels.

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frodo
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Retinal blood vessels.

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Retinal blood vessel analysis using optical coherence tomography in multiple sclerosis

https://www.pagepressjournals.org/index ... view/10961

Background: Both greater retinal neurodegenerative pathology and greater cardiovascular burden have been seen in persons with multiple sclerosis (pwMS).1,2 Moreover, studies have described multiple extracranial and intracranial vasculature changes in pwMS.3 However, only a few studies have examined the retinal vasculature in multiple sclerosis (MS).

Objectives: To determine if there are differences in retinal vasculature between pwMS and healthy controls (HCs) and their relationship to peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness.

Materials and methods: A total of 167 pwMS (113 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and 54 progressive MS (PMS)) and 48 HCs were scanned using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Earlier OCT scans were available in a smaller sample size of 101 pwMS and 35 HCs for additional longitudinal 5-year follow-up analysis. The semiautomated segmentation of the retinal vasculature was performed in a blinded manner on peripapillary scans using the optical coherence tomography segmentation and evaluation GUI (OCTSEG) in MatLab. (Figure 1). Automated segmentation of the pRNFL was performed in the native Heidelberg OCT software. The sum of bilateral measures of total retinal vessel diameter, the total number of retinal vessels and average vessel diameter were calculated. Independent sample t-test and paired t-test were used for cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses, respectively and non-parametric Spearman’s test for determining correlations.

Results: PwMS had a significantly smaller total vessel diameter (2.5 cm vs 2.7 cm, age-adjusted p=0.017) and numerically fewer number of retinal vessels when compared to HCs (35.1 vs 36.8, age-adjusted p=0.167). No significant differences between the pwRRMS and pwPMS were found. Over the follow-up, pwMS had significant decrease in number of retinal vessels (36.7 vs. 33.0, p<0.001) and significant increase in the average vessel diameter (0.072cm vs. 0.081cm, p<0.001). No longitudinal changes in the HCs were noted. Only in pwMS, lower pRNFL was associated with fewer retinal vessels and total vessel diameter (r=0.191, p=0.018 and r=0.216, p=0.007).

Conclusions: PwMS have retinal vasculature that results in smaller and fewer retinal vessels when compared to HCs that were related to reduced pRNFL. Over time, a reduction of retinal vasculature occurred. Future investigations should determine the relevance of retinal vasculature in regards to MS disease outcomes, presence of cardiovascular abnormalities and cerebral/retinal perfusion
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frodo
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More about the same, now in Nature

Post by frodo »

Multi-modal retinal scanning to measure retinal thickness and peripheral blood vessels in multiple sclerosis

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-022-24312-4

Abstract

Our purpose was to investigate changes to the retina in multiple sclerosis (MS) using established and novel modes of retinal image acquisition and analysis. 72 participants with MS and 80 healthy volunteers underwent retinal scanning with optical coherence tomography (OCT) and ultra-widefield (UWF) scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO), over a two-year period. Changes in retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness, macular volume and retinal blood vessel diameter were measured and parameters were then tested for associations with MS.

Measurements from OCT showed that individuals with MS had a thinner RNFL and reduced macular volume when compared to healthy volunteers. On UWF images, participants with MS had reduced arterial widths in the inferior nasal quadrant of both eyes and reduced venous widths in the inferior nasal quadrant of right eyes.

Longitudinal analysis showed that participants with MS had an accelerated annual rate of RNFL thinning in several regions of the retina. In conclusion, the assessment of OCT showed thinning of the RNFL and macula in concordance with previous reports on MS, while analysis of blood vessels in the retinal periphery from UWF-SLO images revealed novel changes.

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