No, I am not recommending empirical treatment, but just stating a fact: C Pn is very difficult to detect, especially if one is talking about MS. I was abandoned by my neurologist as being beyond treatment, let us not forget, even if he had thought there was anything in the antibiotic theory. He didn't and wouldn't have even thought it worthwhile give me a lumbar puncture, thank goodness. So, the only person who could treat me was a microbiologist who only had the facility to test my blood serum for C Pn antibodies. The microbiologist happens to be my husband. That is all.