Marked valvular and other intraluminal abnormalities with potential hemodynamic consequences were identified in 5 of 7 MS patients (7 abnormalities) and in 1 of 6 controls (1 abnormality). These abnormalities included circumferential membranous structures (1 MS and 1 control), longitudinally-oriented membranous structures (3 MS), single valve flap replacing IJV valve (2 MS), and enlarged and malpositioned valve leaflets (1 MS).
Conclusion: Post mortem examination of the IJV and AZY veins of MS patients and non-MS controls demonstrated a variety of structural abnormalities and anatomic variations. Vein wall stenosis occurred at similar frequency in MS and non-MS controls. However, the frequency of intraluminal abnormalities with possible hemodynamic consequences was higher in MS patients compared to healthy controls.
http://registration.akm.ch/einsicht.php ... KEN_ID=900
Dr. Fox is now saying that the variety of methods used to detect CCSVI is creating the variety of test results, and that specialists need to work with vascular doctors, to understand hemodymics of bloodflow.
BNAC is now finding CCSVI in almost 80% of pwMS, after working on the doppler technique.
CCSVI criteria were fulfilled in 79.7% of MS patients and 18.2% of HC (p < .0001).
Linking negative studies that have not utilized correct protocol does not make this science go away, Bob.
Using colors, large fonts, putting it in general and being dramatic doesn't work, either.
If people want to wait for treatment, that is highly advisable, but there is something real here, in the form of truncular venous malformations.
For the best source of science, not opinion visit http://www.ccsvi.org