This is a very interesting article. I read Dan Buettner's book, The Blue Zones
, and found it very interesting, too. However, in the book he mentions that type I diabetes and MS are high on Sardinia (post115701.html
My observation: diet makes the difference – the people on Okinawa are often eating go-ya (a.k.a. bitter melon); the people on this Greek island are eating greens, specifically dandelion leaves which are also bitter. The bitter principles of diet, as found in dandelion leaves and dandelion tea, are known to detoxify the liver. As you know, I think many of our problems stem from a fatty liver: Visceral Fat (as in and around a fatty liver) leads to increased Cytokines, which increase Insulin production, which increases Inflammation, which increases Visceral Fat…
I agree with Gary Taubes; these people are eating much less sugar and much less white flour – this habit will also reduce insulin levels.