Thanks, NHE - fascinating article. I'd much rather read
an article than watch someone talk about it on youtube, so I very, very rarely click on links to those. This topic reminds me of the many discussions I've had over the last 40 years or so with health conscious friends extolling the virtues of using the more "natural" forms of sugar and flour, and their shock at my replies that I didn't do so.
As for the article about sugar being such a toxic substance... Early on, in my twenties, I started trying to eat as healthy as possible and feeding my family the same way, so it seemed like a great idea to join a Food Co-Op with some of my "back to nature" friends. I found rather quickly that most everyone's co-op interest was in being able to buy unrefined flours & sugars (like HONEY & brown sugar) in quantity for homemade baked goods, and there was little there for me to purchase.
I was assailed with many a lecture for the cardinal sin of using store-bought bread & sugar, when the main point of my (and my family's) diet was basically avoiding sugar altogether, and using only a few slices of whole wheat bread per week. I didn't bake "homemade, natural" desserts, because we didn't eat dessert at all - mostly fresh fruit or steamed veggies, salads, a lean piece of meat - none of which was available at the small co-op. (My husband (ex now) and son still don't even eat birthday cake at parties - just don't like it.)
The only thing I used sugar for at the time was to put a pinch into a big pot of chili or other recipe (after chipping a little chunk out of the solidified mass in the sugar canister). Since I no longer cook big meals, I haven't bought sugar in many, many years, and I've never liked sugary drinks - I drink mostly water now.
I still say that my relatively healthy, simple diet, with avoidance of sugar, junk food and grease over all these years (along with my daily exercise) has been the main reason MS hasn't managed to totally kick my ass over the 30 + years it's been trying to.