that is a matter of great debate!
among other ideas, i do enjoy one very simple adage:
1. eat food (ie not processed pseudo-foods)
2. not too much
3. mostly plants
it doesn't go quite as far as it needs to re 'well rounded' or 'balanced' but, a good start.
my approach: no meds so far - just nutrient-dense anti-inflammatory whole foods, and supplements where needed
info: www.whfoods.com, www.nutritiondata.com