Demylination, but were afraid to ask?

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Demylination, but were afraid to ask?

Postby CureOrBust » Wed May 23, 2007 4:48 am

I came accross this (oldish 1999) pdf while searching for something else. I have yet to read it, but flicking through it it appears to have a lot of explanations with diagrams of what is happening. I thought that someone else may find it interesting.
http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1692682&blobtype=pdf found at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1692682
Abstract
The pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis is reviewed, with emphasis on the axonal conduction properties underlying the production of symptoms, and the course of the disease. The major cause of the negative symptoms during relapses (e.g. paralysis, blindness and numbness) is conduction block, caused largely by demyelination and inflammation, and possibly by defects in synaptic transmission and putative circulating blocking factors. Recovery from symptoms during remissions is due mainly to the restoration of axonal function, either by remyelination, the resolution of inflammation, or the restoration of conduction to axons which persist in the demyelinated state. Conduction in the latter axons shows a number of deficits, particularly with regard to the conduction of trains of impulses and these contribute to weakness and sensory problems. The mechanisms underlying the sensitivity of symptoms to changes in body temperature (Uhthoff's phenomenon) are discussed. The origin of 'positive' symptoms, such as tingling sensations, are described, including the generation of ectopic trains and bursts of impulses, ephaptic interactions between axons and/or neurons, the triggering of additional, spurious impulses by the transmission of normal impulses, the mechanosensitivity of axons underlying movement-induced sensations (e.g. Lhermitte's phenomenon) and pain. The clinical course of the disease is discussed, together with its relationship to the evolution of lesions as revealed by magnetic resonance imaging and spectroscopy. The earliest detectable event in the development of most new lesions is a breakdown of the blood-brain barrier in association with inflammation. Inflammation resolves after approximately one month, at which time there is an improvement in the symptoms. Demyelination occurs during the inflammatory phase of the lesion. An important mechanism determining persistent neurological deficit is axonal degeneration, although persistent conduction block arising from the failure of repair mechanisms probably also contributes.
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Postby viper498 » Wed May 23, 2007 10:41 am

Excellent article. Thank you!
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Postby Punchy » Wed Jun 06, 2007 2:27 pm

That was very informative!

I wonder though, does that suggest we are susceptible to blood-brain infections when experiencing an attack?
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