you may already be familiar with this piece of nutritional history related to polished rice:https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2889456/
related info from the US:http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tnam ... e&dbid=128
"The complete milling and polishing that converts brown rice into white rice destroys 67% of the vitamin B3, 80% of the vitamin B1, 90% of the vitamin B6, half of the manganese, half of the phosphorus, 60% of the iron, and all of the dietary fiber and essential fatty acids. Fully milled and polished white rice is required to be "enriched" with vitamins B1, B3 and iron."
think they missed a few things there 7:\
not sure which of that page's listed references provided the milling nutrient loss info, but there's also this:
Effect of milling on mineral and trace element composition of raw and parboiled ricehttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1 ... 8/abstract
"Percent losses of different nutrients on 5 and 10% milling of raw rice respectively were total ash 40, 62; iron 51, 67; magnesium 40, 64
; calcium 36, 57; iron 54, 64; copper 26, 45; manganese 48, 56; molybdenum 24, 34; chromium 57, 69; and zinc only 2.8, 4.6. Zinc in rice grain was uniformly distributed and a major portion of other nutrients was concentrated in the outermost 2.5% surface layers of the grain."
after cooking, 100mg of brown rice contains 43mg of magnesium. white rice 12mg. over 70% of the magnesium just gone.
brown: http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cer ... sta/5707/2
white: http://nutritiondata.self.com/facts/cer ... sta/5712/2
do you know what the fortification requirements for milled rice are in singapore? personally growing up polished white rice was the only kind i knew. i never did bother to find out how they fortify it here, once i realized i just switched to brown rice for good.
re incontinence - interesting to discover, given my mention of zinc/infection and magnesium/spasticity above, that potassium citrate and flaxovate treat cystitis (ie infection) and spasticity respectively. i just sent a giant email off with cystitis nutrition info the other day.
"1. bacterial culprits:
Escherichia coli is the most common infecting organism in patients with uncomplicated UTIs.14 It causes 85% of community-acquired infections and approximately 50% of nosocomial infections. Other gram-negative microorganisms causing UTIs include Proteus, Klebsiella, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, and Pseudomonas spp. Gram-positive pathogens such as Enterococcus fecalis, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, and group B streptococci can also infect the urinary tract. Anaerobic microorganisms are frequently encountered in suppurative infections of the genitourinary tract (e.g., periurethral abscess, Fournier’s gangrene).
2. zinc contributes to immune system action vs gram positive and gram negative bacteria (e. coli is one of the gram negative beasties above).
Human peptidoglycan recognition proteins require zinc to kill both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and are synergistic with antibacterial peptides. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17312159
if you like oysters, eat em up http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=recipe&dbid=32
3. selenium is also active against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. this kind of study makes me laugh / roll my eyes PUT THE SELENIUM IN THE PEOPLE sheesh.
Inhibition of various gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria growth on selenium nanoparticle coated paper towels.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25926733
4 brazil nuts a day til you're sorted out (gets you almost 400mcg which is max daily intake), can keep it down to 1-2 a day for regular daily intake when healthy. http://whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=btnews&dbid=18
i also said antioxidant vits A C and E, plus anti-inflammatory omega 3s. oh, and probiotics as well bc in that case the person had been on round after round of abx trying to fight off the cystitis.