Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency in Multiple Sclerosis: The
Hydrostatic-Immune Paradigm and the Flow Cytometry as a Diagnostic Tool
In recent years, chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) has been associated with multiple sclerosis
(MS). Balloon angioplasty of the affected veins (internal jugulars, azygos) has been proposed as a treatment
method, with controversial results. The conflict is based on how a primarily immune disease can be affected ...