The effects of a combination of ion channel inhibitors

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Petr75
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The effects of a combination of ion channel inhibitors

Post by Petr75 » Thu Aug 08, 2019 7:21 am

2019 Jun 8
Experimental and Regenerative Neurosciences, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Western Australia
The effects of a combination of ion channel inhibitors on pathology in a model of demyelinating disease.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/31202958

Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Multiple sclerosis (MS) has been shown to feature oxidative damage, which can be modelled using the cuprizone model of demyelinating disease. Oxidative damage can occur as a result of excessive influx of calcium ions (Ca2+) and oligodendroglia are particularly vulnerable. However, the effects of limiting excess Ca2+ influx on oxidative damage, oligodendroglia and myelin structure are unknown.
OBJECTIVE:
This study investigated the effects of limiting excess Ca2+ flux on oxidative damage and associated changes in oligodendroglial densities and Node of Ranvier structure in the cuprizone model.
METHODS:
The effects of three weeks of cuprizone administration and of treatment with a combination of three ion channel inhibitors (Lomerizine, Brilliant Blue G (BBG) and YM872), were semi-quantified immunohistochemically. Outcomes assessed were protein nitration (3-nitrotyrosine (3NT)) oxidative damage to DNA (8-hydroxy deoxyguanosine (8OHDG)), advanced glycation end-products (carboxymethyl lysine (CML)), immunoreactivity of microglia (Iba1) and astrocytes (glial acidic fibrillary protein (GFAP)), densities of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs) (platelet derived growth factor alpha receptor (PDGFαR) with olig2) and oligodendrocytes (olig2 and CC1), and structural elements of the Node of Ranvier (contactin associated protein (Caspr)).
RESULTS:
The administration of cuprizone resulted in increased protein nitration, DNA damage, and astrocyte and microglial immunoreactivity, a decrease in the density of oligodendrocytes and OPCs, together with altered structure of the Node of Ranvier and reduced myelin basic protein immunoreactivity. Treatment with the ion channel inhibitor combination significantly lowered protein nitration, increased the density of OPCs and reduced the number of atypical Node of Ranvier complexes; other outcomes were unaffected.
CONCLUSION:
Our findings suggest that excess Ca2+ influx contributes to protein nitration, and associated changes to OPC densities and Node of Ranvier structure in demyelinating disease.

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