Neuroprotective effects of ar-turmerone

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NHE
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Neuroprotective effects of ar-turmerone

Post by NHE » Fri Jan 22, 2021 3:49 pm

Neuroprotective effects of aromatic turmerone on activity deprivation-induced apoptosis in cerebellar granule neurons
Neuroreport. 2020 Dec 16;31(18):1302-1307.

Ar-turmerone, which is a major bioactive component found in the essential oil derived from Curcuma longa, has been reported to inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in cancer cell lines. Recently, ar-turmerone has been reported to increase the proliferation of neuronal stem cells, in contrast to its actions in cancer cells. These observations raise the possibility that ar-turmerone serves specific functions in neuronal cell lineages. However, the effects of ar-turmerone on postmitotic neurons remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the neuroprotective functions of ar-turmerone in primary cerebellar granule neuronal cultures. We found that ar-turmerone increased the survival of neurons following activity deprivation. Consistently, the induction of cleaved caspase-3, a hallmark of apoptosis, was prevented by ar-turmerone, although neither the level of reactive oxygen species nor the mitochondrial membrane potential was affected. This study reports a neuroprotective function for ar-turmerone, providing new insights into the potential therapeutic applications of ar-turmerone for neurological disorders.

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Re: Neuroprotective effects of ar-turmerone

Post by NHE » Sat Jan 23, 2021 3:26 am

Aromatic-Turmerone Attenuates LPS-Induced Neuroinflammation and Consequent Memory Impairment by Targeting TLR4-Dependent Signaling Pathway
Mol Nutr Food Res. 2018 Jan;62(2)

Scope: Curcuma longa (turmeric) is a folk medicine in South and Southeast Asia, which has been widely used to alleviate chronic inflammation. Aromatic-turmerone is one of the main components abundant in turmeric essential oil. However, little information is available from controlled studies regarding its biological activities and underlying molecular mechanisms against chronic inflammation in the brain. In the current study, we employed a classical LPS model to study the effect and mechanism of aromatic-turmerone on neuroinflammation.

Methods and results: The effects of aromatic-turmerone were studied in LPS-treated mice and BV2 cells. The cognitive function assays, protein analyses, and histological examination were performed. Oral administration of aromatic-turmerone could reverse LPS-induced memory disturbance and normalize glucose intake and metabolism in the brains of mice. Moreover, aromatic-turmerone significantly limited brain damage, through inhibiting the activation of microglia and generation of inflammatory cytokines. Further study in vitro revealed that aromatic-turmerone targeted Toll-like receptor 4 mediated downstream signaling, and lowered the release of inflammatory mediators.

Conclusion: These observations indicate that aromatic-turmerone is effective in preventing brain damage caused by neuroinflammation and may be useful in the treatment of neuronal inflammatory diseases.

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Re: Neuroprotective effects of ar-turmerone

Post by NHE » Wed Feb 10, 2021 4:04 am

Aromatic-turmerone induces neural stem cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo
Stem Cell Res Ther. 2014 Sep 26;5(4):100

Introduction: Aromatic (ar-) turmerone is a major bioactive compound of the herb Curcuma longa. It has been suggested that ar-turmerone inhibits microglia activation, a property that may be useful in treating neurodegenerative disease. Furthermore, the effects of ar-turmerone on neural stem cells (NSCs) remain to be investigated.

Methods: We exposed primary fetal rat NSCs to various concentrations of ar-turmerone. Thereafter, cell proliferation and differentiation potential were assessed. In vivo, naïve rats were treated with a single intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of ar-turmerone. Proliferative activity of endogenous NSCs was assessed in vivo, by using noninvasive positron emission tomography (PET) imaging and the tracer [(18)F]-fluoro-L-thymidine ([(18)F]FLT), as well as ex vivo.

Results: In vitro, ar-turmerone increased dose-dependently the number of cultured NSCs, because of an increase in NSC proliferation (P < 0.01). Proliferation data were supported by qPCR-data for Ki-67 mRNA. In vitro as well as in vivo, ar-turmerone promoted neuronal differentiation of NSCs. In vivo, after i.c.v. injection of ar-turmerone, proliferating NSCs were mobilized from the subventricular zone (SVZ) and the hippocampus of adult rats, as demonstrated by both [(18)F]FLT-PET and histology (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Both in vitro and in vivo data suggest that ar-turmerone induces NSC proliferation. Ar-turmerone thus constitutes a promising candidate to support regeneration in neurologic disease.

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