MS biomarker in serum

A forum to discuss research on the origins of MS and its development.
Post Reply
User avatar
frodo
Family Elder
Posts: 1544
Joined: Wed Dec 02, 2009 3:00 pm
Contact:

MS biomarker in serum

Post by frodo » Tue Nov 03, 2020 6:04 am

Detection of Multiple Sclerosis Biomarkers in Serum by Ganglioside Microarrays and Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acssensors.0c01935#

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that damages the myelin sheaths of nerve cells in the central nervous system. An individual suffering from MS produces increased levels of antibodies that target cell membrane components, such as phospholipids, gangliosides, and membrane proteins. Among them, anti-ganglioside antibodies are considered as important biomarkers to differentiate MS from other diseases that exhibit similar symptoms. We report here a label-free method for detecting a series of antibodies against gangliosides in serum by surface plasmon resonance imaging (SPRi) in combination with a carbohydrate microarray. The ganglioside array was fabricated with a plasmonically tuned, background-free biochip, and coated with a perfluorodecyltrichlorosilane (PFDTS) layer for antigen attachment as a self-assembled pseudo-myelin sheath. The chip was characterized with AFM and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry, demonstrating effective functionalization of the surface. SPRi measurements of patients’ mimicking blood samples were conducted. A multiplexed detection of antibodies for anti-GT1b, anti-GM1, and anti-GA1 in serum was demonstrated, with a working range of 1 to 100 ng/mL, suggesting that it is well suited for clinical assessment of antibody abnormality in MS patients. Statistical analyses, including PLS-DA and PCA show the array allows comprehensive characterization of cross reactivity patterns between the MS specific antibodies and can generate a wide range of information compared to traditional end point assays. This work uses PFDTS surface functionalization and enables direct MS biomarker detection in serum, offering a powerful alternative for MS assessment and potentially improved patient care.

Post Reply
  • Similar Topics
    Replies
    Views
    Last post

Return to “MS Etiology and Pathogenesis”